by R. C. '09

A Canadian-American teacher, James Naismith, invented the game basketball in December 1981. Naismith was a physical education teacher at Young Men's Christian Association Training School in Springfield, Mass. The game was invented on request of an indoor winter play. The ball used for the sport was a soccer ball. Teams were made up of nine and peach baskets were used as the hoops, They were fixed on the wall along with a person sitting up on a latter for retrieving the ball. The score of the first game ever played was 1-0. The game consisted of 18 men in a YMCA gym.

James Naismith was born on November 2 of the year of 1861 in Almonte, Ont. He was the oldest son of John and Margaret Naismith. At age of ten he was orphaned be cause his parents died of a typhoid fever. He went to school in McGill University and Presbyterian College in Montreal. At McGill University Naismith studied theology.

James invented the game basketball with 13 rules. They were basic rules such as ball can be thrown or batted with one or two hands. A player cannot run with the ball, and no pushing, shoving, tripping, holding, striking, etc. There are also a few other rules about fouls and playing rules. The game soon grew and Naismith never looked for publicity, or wished for self-promotion. In 1936 Naismith was sponsored by the National Association of Basketball Coaches (NABC) to watch basketball become an Olympic sport held in Berlin. The game made James Naismith famous but never brought him fortune or publicity. But by the time he passed away in 1939 he was extremely recognized for his stoke of genius. Naismith was known to coach the only Kansas men's basketball team to have a losing record. But even though this is true his most famous quote was basketball was never meant to coach anyway, it was meant to be played.

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