Clarinet
by L.D. '09


A guy named Johan Denner invented the clarinet back in the 1700's. He was also a well-known flute maker. He figured out that the clarinet's immediate predecessor was called a chalumateu. The word chalumateu is of a French origin and is an ordinary name for any small reed-blown tube. C., Edward."History of the Clarinet." 01 Mar 2004 http://eclusion.selentiy.net/Clarinet_History.htm

There are many types of clarinets. One of them is a French clarinet. This instrument is often referred as a tuned clarinet in Bb and is about 26 inches long. The notes are made with a finger over one of the note holes. A clarinet is mainly used in a brass bands and reciting a solo repertory. Holes and the key mechanism sound is harder to play than being written. The struggle to teach clarinet students upper- register fingerings and notes is unending and can be stressful to teachers and students alike. Lehr, Marjorie. "Over the Break vs. Over the Brink." Teaching Music

Another type of clarinet is a Zencker D clarinet. Right now it is in the Numreberg Museum and is dated back to about 1740. The outside of the clarinet looks like the Denner D clarinet, but importantly it has a much smaller mouthpiece and also a smaller bore. The mouthpiece also has a small table under the short reed. As a result, it has a sweet sound but not as quite as a flexible. It is also capable of producing a high G. The range of notes is the same as the Denner D, except that the middle B is more difficult because of the flexibility. However, the very high notes are easier to reach due to the shortness of the mouthpiece. Ackerman, Brian. "Ackerman: The History of the Early Clarinet." Ackerman and Reynolds. 01 Mar 2004. . #


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